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01 - Royal insult

Find out how these arguments made by Walter Travers may have inspired one of the greatest insults to Queen Elizabeth I during her reign.[1]

01 - Royal insult

by Dr Polly Ha | TCD Exhibition Audio

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02 - The Travers code

Travers wrote in code to prevent his writings falling into the wrong hands.  Learn more here. [2]

02 - The Travers code

by Dr Polly Ha | TCD Exhibition Audio

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03 - From publication to prison

How did Travers evade prosecution and incarceration in 1592?  What did Henry Jacob do to break out of jail after his conviction?  Find out more. [3]

03 - From publication to prison

by Dr Polly Ha | TCD Exhibition Audio

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04 - The first 'Declaration of Independence'?

Learn how Jacob - in a single stroke - universalized the idea of freedom.  Was this the first 'Declaration of Independence' in the English-speaking world?[4]

04 - The first 'Declaration of Independence'?

by Dr Polly Ha | TCD Exhibition Audio

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05 - Universal scandal

When the idea of 'Independency' first emerged it caused a scandal and was referred to as a disease.  Find out why. [5]

05 - Universal scandal

by Dr Polly Ha | TCD Exhibition Audio

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06 - Cutting criticism

See how critics represented Independents in the woodcut 'The Royal Oak of Brittayne' - a seventeenth century equivalent of today's political cartoon.

06 - Cutting criticism

by Dr Polly Ha | TCD Exhibition Audio

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07 - Universal freedom?

Should freedom apply to all people?  How did Independence move from religious to political liberty? [6]

07 - Universal freedom?

by Dr Polly Ha | TCD Exhibition Audio

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08 - Planting independence

What happened to Henry Jacob after he migrated to the Virginia colony?

08 - Planting independence

by Dr Polly Ha | TCD Exhibition Audio

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by Dr Polly Ha | TCD Exhibition Audio

Footnotes

  1. [1] For background on the puritan threat to Queen Elizabeth I see (1) on Features. ^
  2. [2] Read the overview of Travers's new biography (2) Features  ^
  3. [3] See charges against Travers and Jacob's subscription (3) & (4) Features  ^
  4. [4] For the novelty of Jacob's independency and a timeline of his life see (4) & (5) Features  ^
  5. [5] For the spiritual scandal caused by independence see (6) Features  ^
  6. [6] For the role of independence in broadening religious toleration see (7) Features  ^

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